ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY
ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY
Oral, Dental, Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries and deformities of the mouth, teeth and jaws.
Some abnormal conditions in the jawbone, teeth or gums of people can only be solved by a surgical intervention. Surgical interventions on the mouth, teeth and jawbone are mandatory and necessary interventions for the continuity of the oral and dental health of the person.
Simple tooth extraction is the technique used to extract teeth that are visible in the mouth. It is performed under local anesthesia. In simple tooth extraction, the tooth is held with the help of an instrument. Before the tooth is extracted, it is loosened by making back and forth movements. This movement can sometimes be done with the help of an instrument that enters between the tooth and the gum. Thus, the tooth is extracted with minimal trauma.
Surgical extraction is the technique used to extract teeth that cannot be easily seen in the mouth, are broken at the gingival margin or have not erupted. In some cases, there may be bone on the tooth that needs to be removed. The tooth to be extracted may need to be removed after being divided into sections. In these cases, surgical extraction is also applied. The procedure can be performed with local anesthesia as in normal extraction. The gum must be opened to reach the tooth. In order to reach the tooth, bone removal is performed with Er:YAG.
Extraction of Wisdom Teeth
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt in our mouths. They are also called wisdom teeth or wisdom teeth because they usually erupt in the twenties. Some people are born without any wisdom teeth germ, so their wisdom teeth will never erupt. However, sometimes these teeth cause eruption problems even though they are formed. It may be necessary to remove wisdom teeth due to lack of space in the jaw or for various reasons.
What is Root Resection?
The removal of a single root of teeth with a large number of roots, such as in three-rooted upper molars, is called root resection. In some cases, it may also be necessary to remove the crown (the part of the tooth that can be seen in the mouth) that supports the root to be removed. Root canal treatment must be performed before the procedure.
Flattening of Tubercles
Tubercles are round-shaped bony projections located behind the last molar in the upper jaw. They are covered with gums. If you have all your teeth in your mouth, tubercles are usually not a problem for you. However, if you lose your upper teeth and need a prosthesis, the cusps may cause a maladjustment of the prosthesis because they will hang down from the rest of your upper jaw. A large tuber prevents the denture from sealing between the jawbone and the roof of the mouth.
Abscess and Cyst Operations
Incomplete root canal treatment due to structural or deformity of the tooth root,
If the instrument is broken during Root Canal Treatment, if the broken instrument must be removed, in order to remove the instrument,
Inability to perform root canal treatment due to the presence of a non-removable restoration on the tooth,
In cases of cysts in the root of the tooth,
In cases where the patient’s pain persists despite root canal treatment,
It is applied in cases where the 1/3 end part of the tooth root in the bone is broken.